Five non-communicable diseases - cardiovascular, diabetes, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and mental illness - the main causes in 84 percent of cases of premature death of residents of Ukraine. This is reported today from the Ukrainian office of the World Health Organization.
Males between the ages of 30 and 65 accounted for almost thirty percent of all Ukrainians who died from noncommunicable diseases in 2017. The probability of dying between the ages of 30 and 70 in Ukraine is higher than in any other European country. For men, the risk is two times higher than for women.
For a country that is pursuing social and economic development, such indicators are becoming a heavy burden. However, most non-communicable diseases are associated with tobacco use, low physical activity, unhealthy diets and other factors that can be prevented.
These and other issues were discussed at the conference, organized by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and WHO with the support of the Government of Sweden. The forum was attended by representatives of the World Bank and development agencies, international experts, as well as doctors and other specialists from all over Ukraine.
“For decades, the health care system of Ukraine has been focused on treating, rather than preventing diseases,” said Ulan Suprun, acting head of the Ukrainian Ministry of Health. “Since 2016, it has been reoriented towards the prevention of diseases and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle.” According to her, this approach has been more effective, especially in the prevention of non-communicable diseases.
Thanks to training conducted in recent years by experts from WHO and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, 10,000 family doctors and nurses in seven regions of the country provide their patients with qualified assistance in the prevention of non-communicable diseases. In addition, Ukraine has recently adopted a number of legislative initiatives, including measures to curb tobacco use and a ban on the use of trans fats.