"Inequality, climate change and conflict are the main problems of the modern world" - said the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, during the meeting with students in Tunisia. He praised the democratic processes in the country, but recalled that, in general, many people in the Arab countries are now suffering deprivation – 40 per cent of them live in crisis.
The Arab population represent only five per cent of humanity, but 40 per cent of all internally displaced persons and 52 per cent of the world's refugees are from Arab countries. According to the Secretary General, they also make up 68 percent of all victims of terrorism. The head of the UN recalled this in the context of the need to prevent and stop conflicts. "There are more and more conflicts," he said. – They are increasingly linked and leed to the spread of terrorism around the world."
Guterres noted that, in turn, the radicalization of young people, who join the ranks of terrorists,contributes to inequality. Development, respect for human rights and democracy – that is, according to the head of the United Nations, a recipe for conflict prevention. Speaking about the international situation as a whole, he said that today it is more unpredictable and chaotic than in the years of the bipolar world. Then, according to Guterres, the balance between the US and the USSR created a certain order. Later came the time of US-domination. "It was undemocratic, but there were clear rules". In his opinion, today there are no rules, everyone "does what they want", and as a result chaos, impunity and unpredictability reign. As an example, he cited the conflict in Syria: in addition to the Syrians themselves, the United States, Russia, Turkey, Iran, Qatar and other countries participate in it. In such circumstances, according to the Secretary General, it is extremely difficult to resolve conflicts and prevent the emergence of new ones.
Answering the question of one of the participants of the meeting, Antonio Guterres expressed the position of the UN on cultural diversity in the era of globalization. According to the UN Secretary General, people should understand that cultural, ethnic and religious diversity only enriches humanity and is one of the key factors of development and prosperity. At the same time, he recalled, that many problems of our time, including those related to inequality, climate change and artificial intelligence, can be solved only at the global level.