Artificial intelligence imperceptibly assigns decision-making functions and has far-reaching implications for human rights, including the right for freedom of speech, privacy and participation in society. This is the opinion of UNESCO expert Xian Hong Hu, who presented a new study of UNESCO in this field to the UN Human Rights Council.
The reptort's authors note, that the impact of artificial intelligence, or AI, as it is called for briefness, varies from the content of our social networks, determined by algorithms, to elections-related decisions. On the one hand, users have more opportunities to find the information, they are interested in, and form their own opinion, on the other, algorithms narrow the information field, thus limiting the pluralism of opinions.
AI can block content that incites hatred and violence, but it is also used to suppress the legitimate right to express opinions, and it is very difficult to achieve justice in the latter case.
The right for privacy is often the "victim" of artificial intelligence – as a result of nontransparent data collection, provision to a third party, disclosure of personal information and tracking of individual users. At the same time, it is AI that can help to detect such abuses.
The AI's role is also ambiguous when it comes to journalism. Journalists can become victims of "digital "attacks, and are able to spread false information, and on such a scale, that misinformation supress the voices of real journalists. But AI also helps to find the producers of such "fakes".
Given the complexity of the problems arising from the development of AI, UNESCO believes that the approach for their solving should be comprehensive, interdisciplinary, global and inclusive. The principles developed at UNESCO can serve as a basis for the development of ethical norms, strategies and rules for the development and use of artificial intelligence.